The participants have to calculate the points themselves. Points are calculated in the following order:

- Calculation of QSO-points for all contacts

a) Calculation of distances between stations

b) Rounding of distances to km-points

c) Multiplication of km-points with multiplier - Count the number of valid WWLs and bonus-points, if used
- Sum of QSO-points and bonus-points into total-points

**CALCULATION OF QSO-POINTS FOR ALL CONTACTS**

**Calculation Of Distance Between Stations**

To calculate the distance between two stations the exchanged WWLs are needed. The following method apply:

- Conversion of WWLs into latitude and longitude
- Insertion into the distance formula

**Conversion of WWLs into latitude and longitude**

For WWLs the following apply:

- Valid WWLs are from AA00AA to RR99XX
- The latitude and longitude are found in the middle of the exchanged WWLs

*Example of latitude and longitude in the middle of the WWL*:

WWL: | JO55WW | => | 11° 52′ 30″ East | = | 11,875° |

55° 56′ 15″ North | = | 55,9375° | |||

JO65FR | => | 12° 27′ 30″ East | = | 12,4583333333333…° | |

55° 43′ 45″ North | = | 55,7291666666666…° |

**Using the distance formula**

To convert degrees into kilometer a factor of 111,2 is used.

Distance = 111,2*arccos(sin Bm * sin Bn + cos Bm * cos Bn * cos(Lm-Ln)), where

Bm | = | latitude for station 1 |

Lm | = | longitude for station 1 |

Bn | = | latitude for station 2 |

Ln | = | longitude for station 2 |

Note: Decimal degrees for latitude and longitude are used, not degrees, minutes and seconds. Many computers/compilers uses radians instead of degrees.

*Example of conversion of the above WWLs JO55WW and JO65FR*:

Bm | = | 55,9375° |

Lm | = | 11,875° |

Bn | = | 55,72916666666° |

Ln | = | 12,45833333333° |

results in a distance of 43,17 km.

**Rounding Distance To km-points**

km-points are the rounding of the distance between two stations. km-points is a positive integer, i.e. no decimals. The distance is rounded per commenced km as follows:

Distance [km] |
km-points |

0,00 | 1 |

1,01 | 2 |

1,40 | 2 |

1,49 | 2 |

1,50 | 2 |

1,99 | 2 |

2,00 | 3 |

2,49 | 3 |

2,50 | 3 |

*Example using the above WWLs and distance*:

Distance from JO55WW to JO65FR => 43,17 km => 44 km-points.

**Multiplication Of km-points With Multiplier**

km-points are multiplied with the multiplier into claimed points for the actual QSO, named QSO-points. If the multiplier is not directly specified it is set to one (1).

*Example*:

From JO55WW to JO65FR and multiplier equals 5 => 43,2 km => 44 km-points => 5 x 44 km-points => 220 QSO-points.

**COUNT THE NUMBER OF VALID WWLS AND BONUS-POINTS, IF USED**

This paragraph applies only if bonus points are used.

Bonus-points can be claimed for each new square worked, also own square.

*Example:*

The following WWLs have been worked: JO45; JO66; JO75 and each new square is valid for 500 bonus-points. The bonus sum is therefore 3 x 500 = 1.500 bonus-points.

**SUM OF QSO-POINTS AND BONUS-POINTS INTO TOTAL-POINTS**

The sum of all QSO-points and bonus-points, if used, is called total-points.

*Example*:

QSO-points | = | 1.234 |

Bonus-points | = | 1.500 |

Total-points | = | 2.734 |

The contest manager may disqualify participants in case of:

- Deliberately neglecting the rules of the contest
- Deliberately neglecting the current bandplan
- The submitted log is incomplete or misguiding

The contest manager’s decision is final.

**VALID QSOS**

All QSOs, containing 100% correct information and is not a duplicate QSO are valid. Only QSOs worked without using active repeaters or EME are valid.

Only single band QSOs are valid, i.e. cross band QSOs are not valid.

A QSO is only valid with one callsign from the calling station, no matter where this station is operating from: at home, portable, mobile or another country, e.g.: …/A, …/MM, DL/…

**INVALID OR ERRONEOUS QSOS**

**Invalid QSOs**

Invalid QSOs are:

- Duplicate QSOs
- Incomplete QSOs
- Obviously wrong WWL
- The time difference is more than +/-10 min

Points cannot be claimed for an invalid QSO, neither QSO-points nor bonus-points.

In case points are claimed for an invalid QSO, 10 times the claimed points, also bonus-points, will be deducted from the total-points

**Erroneous QSOs**

An erroneous QSO is a contact with minor errors in the exchanged information, e.g.:

- Callsign
- Rapport(s)
- QSO number, if used
- WWL

An erroneous QSO will only give a penalty to the “receiving station” and all points for that contach will always be lost.

All modes are permitted, provided the current band plan, as recommended by Region 1 and/or national radio amateur organisation/local authorities, is followed.

All modes belong to the same section, e.g. SSB and CW QSOs are in the same section, cross-modes QSOs are permitted.

Separate logs shall be maintained for each band.

**TIME**

All times must be recorded in UTC, 0000-2359.

**PAPER LOG**

Summary and QSO log sheet must be printed “in portrait format”, A4 or equivalent. Logs printed on endless paper must be separated before submission.

**Summary sheet**

All paper logs must be submitted with a summary sheet with the following information as a minimum:

- Contest name
- Contest date
- Own callsign
- WWL
- Address-QTH
- Band or frequency
- Section
- Responsible operators callsign, name and address
- Station description (TX-RX-antenna etc.)
- Best DX (ODX, station, WWL, distance)
- Responsible operators signature

A Region 1 Cover Sheet or close similar is preferred.

**QSO log sheet**

The worked QSOs must be listed on a QSO log sheet with a header containing the following information as a minimum:

- Own callsign
- WWL
- Band or frequency
- (Date)

The QSO log sheet must as a minimum contain the following columns in the listed order:

- (Date)
- UTC
- Callsign of calling station
- Sent report
- Received report
- Received WWL
- Claimed points
- New WWL mark
- (Column for used band in microwave multi band section)
- Empty column (used by contest manager)

**ELECTRONIC LOG**

In case the contest manager is capable of receiving electronic contest logs (EDI) he/she must specify in which format this can take place, however, REG1TEST is recommended.

The format(s) used may be obtained from EDR VHF Committee.

Updated: 15-01-03

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